We check our phones every 12 minutes, often just after waking up. Always-on behaviour is harmful to long-term mental health, and we need to learn to the reached the pause button
It is difficult to imagine life before our personal and professional worlds were so predominated and “switched on” via smartphones and the other devices that build us accessible and, crucially, so easily distractible and interruptible every second of the working day. This constant fragmentation of our time and concentration is increasingly becoming the new normal, to which we have adapted with ease, but there is a downside: more and more experts are telling us that these interruptions and distractions have eroded our ability to concentrate.
We have known for a long time that repeated interruptions affect concentration. In 2005, research carried out by Dr Glenn Wilson at London’s Institute of Psychiatry found that persistent interruptions and distractions at work had a profound effect. Those distracted by emails and phone calls find a 10 -point fall in their IQ, twice that found in analyses on potential impacts of smoking marijuana. More than half of the 1,100 participants said they always responded to an email immediately or as soon as possible, while 21% acknowledged they would interrupt a session to do so. Constant interruptions can have the same effect as the loss of a night’s sleep.
Nicholas Carr picked up on this again in an article in the Atlantic in 2008, before going on to publish his book The Shallows two years later.” Immersing myself in a book or a lengthy article used to be easy ,” he wrote.” My mind would get caught up in the narrative or the turns of the argument, and I’d spend hours strolling through long stretches of prose. That’s rarely the example any more. Now my concentration often starts to drift after two or three pages. I get fidgety, lose the thread, begin looking for something else to do. I feel as if I’m always dragging my wayward brain back to the text. The deep read that used to come naturally has become a struggle .”