Physicians Have Been Treating Lower Back Pain All Wrong

When Julie Price throw away her back for the second time in December, she knew she required help.

It was immobilizing and intense, Price, a 37 -year-old New York City-based accountant, told The Huffington Post.

Price, a former athlete, felt she had lost a lot of strength after two pregnancies. She also has flat feet, alignment issues and bad knees, so she realise she couldnt take care of everything alone.

Although the ache began to lessen on its own, Price went to see Allen Chen, director of physiatry at NewYork-Presbyterian/ The Spine Hospital, who specializes in treating spine injuries.

Chen, after ruling out structural problems with her spine, prescribed physical therapy once a week and home exerts. She doesnt have any pain now, and she feels stronger , not just in her back but also in her core and leg, she said.

Last week I was able to squat without anything hurt, which I never believed would happen, she said. The physical therapy has made a world of difference.

The American College of Physicians, in new guidelines released this week, says a lot more patients should receive the type of treatment Chen prescribed for Price.

Doctors need to educate their patients that lower back pain is like a common cold unpleasant but hard to treat and likely to go away on its own. And chances are painkillers wont do much to help.

Low back pain is very common, and most[ of it] improves over period regardless of treatment, Nitin Damle, president of the American College of Physician and a practicing internist, told HuffPost.

Thats a significant chore considering that calculates suggest up to a fourth of all adults in the U.S. have had some back ache for at the least one day in the past three months. Its one of the most common reasons Americans go to a doctor.

The new guidelines: Dont even bother with Tylenol

The new ACP guidelines recommend non-drug treatments, such as massage, yoga, tai chi and acupuncture, as the first line of defense against back pain. Only if those are not effective , nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory narcotics( or NSAIDs, like aspirin and ibuprofen) should be used. Then, if those are ineffective, prescription drugs are likely to be tried.

Another significant change to the guidelines is that acetaminophens( such as Tylenol and the combining medications Excedrin and Sudafed) should not be used at all for back pain, since recent evidence shows that those over-the-counter analgesics do not actually help back pain.

The guidelines also recommend that doctors prescribe opioids only as a last resort, after other narcotic and non-drug therapies did not work, and after the doctor has explained the risks and benefits to the patient.

Overuse of over-the-counter painkillers, common among people with lower back pain, can lead to health risks, including heart and gastrointestinal problems. And the serious risks associated with opioid misuse including addiction, overdose and death have led the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to issue its own guidelines for reducing prescription opioid use across all medical disciplines.

A big benefit of the new guidelines is that they will help patients avoid the risks associated with NSAIDs, Tylenol and, most significantly, opioids, Chen said. Many of the recommended non-drug therapies included in the guidelines yoga, tai chi, massage, heat and acupuncture therapy, among others are very low danger, he added.

Its also important to note that the guidelines apply only to low back pain that stays in the back ( not the kind that radiates down the leg or to other areas ).

Massage, yoga, acupuncture first

Theres been a push over the past few years in my practise and in many others to push away from drugs particularly opioids, Chen told HuffPost in a phone interview.

Previous treatment guidelines for low back ache from 2007 had recommended NSAIDs be used together with a non-drug therapy. But I guess the focus on non-pharmacological treatments for low back pain, opposed to medications especially opioids is long overdue, Chen said.

( ACP considers any guidelines out of date after five years and subsequently subject to review .)

Microgen via Getty Images
New guidelines recommend non-drug treatments first, like massage, yoga, tai chi and acupuncture.

Accessible alternative therapy is more important than ever

The guidelines themselves do not make recommendations for what treatments insurance companies should cover and merely because the guidelines recommend a certain therapy does not mean your policy will encompass it.

Those may end up being out-of-pocket expenses, Chen said.

Plus , not all of the therapies in the guidelines are even available to all patients depending on where they live. For instance, estimates suggest that in the U.S. there will be shortages of physical therapists in as many as 48 nations by 2030( based on current trends in needs for physical therapy and projected numbers of therapists ).

For Price, getting to physical therapy once a week is accessible and is covered by her employers health insurance. But there are limits on how many sessions the plan will cover, she said.

It does factor into my believes of how long do I need to continue the therapy, she said.

But shes more than happy that shes pain-free without medications. She did take a few doses of Aleve or Advil when her ache first started, but in general she tries to avoid drug, she said.

The goal now is to get[ my back] strong and better aligned so I dont hurl it out again.

I knew losing the strength I used to have before kids was most likely the biggest issue and that learning how to get that done right and fit it back into my new mommy lifestyle would be what I actually needed, Price said.

This reporting is brought to you by HuffPosts health and science platform, The Scope. Like us on Facebook and Twitter and tell us your tale : scopestories @huffingtonpost. com .

Sarah DiGiulio is The Huffington Posts sleep reporter. You can contact her at sarah.digiulio .

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