Can the ad industry construct us eat more veg?

Image copyright Alamy Image caption Popeye encouraged children to eat spinach in the 1930 s. Should something equally creative be tried today?

Advertisers are the experts at persuading us to eat burgers, crisps and fizzy drinkings. But what if they tried to sell us something healthier?

Popeye may be half the size of his arch-rival Bluto, but one gulp from his can and he is tossing his enemy high overhead, wrapping him up in rope, or bopping him round the head with those trademark pumped up forearms.

Popeye’s green-veg-fuelled antics were credited with boosting US spinach marketings by a third during the Great Depression of the 1930 s.

Cities in spinach-growing regions erected statues of the sailor man-hero out of gratitude. And a generation ate more vitamins than they would otherwise have done.

These days, though, without a frontman like Popeye, vegetables don’t get much of a look-in on the marketing front. In the UK merely 1.2% of all ad spend on food is aimed at promoting vegetables, according to campaign group the Food Foundation.

Popeye moment

Former ad man Dan Parker thinks we’re missing a trick. He says it’s time once again to deploy the weapons of the marketing industry in the battle to shift us to healthier diets.

Image copyright KEO films Image caption Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall is a supporter of the campaign to advertise veg

Working in conjunction with campaign group Peas Please and backed by cooks Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall and Jamie Oliver, the plan is to roll out an advertising campaign that will radically alter our perceptions of vegetables.

“At the moment vegetables are the bad guys. We don’t want them to be the bad guys, ” he says.

There’ll be no more “playing the health card”, he says, like Public Health England’s five-a-day message, which only serves to build eating veg feel like a chore.

“People don’t buy health, they buy happiness. That’s a mantra for all advertising, ” he says.

Image copyright Dan Parker Image caption Dan Parker says he sometimes feels guilty about his career in food ad

Dan’s own transformative spinach-gulping moment came when after 20 years in the industry, working for the likes of McDonald’s and Coca-Cola, he discovered he had type 2 diabetes.

His job had been to use every possible psychological and creative technique to persuade people to eat more of the food products his clients sold.

In his words advertisers like him were “arrogant, ignorant, blinkered, ” with no notion of the harm their work was causing.

In a light bulb moment, he realised the lessons he had learned through marketing fizzy beverages, burgers and chips could help turn the tables and persuade us all to eat more healthily.

He closed down his advertising agency and founded a new charity, Living Loud, with others from the industry.

After all who knew better than he did what makes people eat what they eat?

Snack attack

Most important of all these tactics, he says, is “normalising”.

For decades the food industry has played on our desire to fit in, a strategy that has already stealthily altered our feeing habits.

We’ve been persuaded that a mid-morning and mid-afternoon snack are part of everyone’s day, and that it’s normal to have frozen pizza and ready-meals in your shopping streetcar, and you don’t watch television in the evening without a snack to hand.

Now, says Dan, advertisers are busy feeding us the message that eating largest portion is OK, even a bit cheeky and fun. Walkers crisps ads prove Gary Lineker feeing a bumper pack on his own, and a Galaxy chocolate ad indicates it’s ok for Audrey Hepburn to eat a family-sized bar.

Image copyright Walkers Image caption Gary Lineker’s ad campaigns for Walkers prove him refusing to share large bags of high salt, high fat snacks

If advertisers can normalise these habits, there’s no reason they can’t normalise a portion of veg on your plate too, says Dan.

Frozen food giant Birds Eye, one of the few companies that expends money marketing vegetables, is supporting the Peas Please campaign and is increasing its own ad spend by 42% this year to PS4. 8m. Normalising frozen veg is at the core of their message.

While there will be “infomercials” about healthy eating on social media, and portraits of the farmers behind their frozen peas, the Tv campaign focuses on telling “the story of households coming together at the moments when Birds Eye veg is served up at home”.

Image copyright Birds Eye Image caption Birds Eye is aiming for traditional family fun with its pro-veg campaign

For Dan Parker, however, that message doesn’t quite go far enough. He would like to see the wider Peas Please campaign pack more of an emotional punch.

“Great advertising stirs emotions. That’s its phase, ” he says. “If you’re in an emotional state then you are more susceptible to subliminal messaging, you’re easier to influence and more likely to buy without dedicating thought to diet or budget.”

Whether it’s stress and convenience, gala and reward, relief or nostalgia, there are ways to sell us food to meet our emotional impulses.

Impulses often subtly planted by advertisers.

Unspoken messages

Ideally he’d like to see an ad that does for veg what the “I want to teach the world to sing” ad from the 70 s did for Coca-Cola. It offered almost no information about the product. Instead it dedicated spectators “a cause for celebration, a sense of togetherness with a contemporary hippy vibe”.

In that same vein, Damon McCollin-Moore at creative ad bureau Ifour points to the recent Nike ad prove Londoners, plus a smattering of celebrities, overcoming different challenges to get to their training sessions.

Image copyright Ifour Image caption Ifour’s advert treated carrots and peas as a bit of fun

He describes it as “a hymn to London” which sends an unspoken message that Nike clients are resilient and adventurous.

The holy grail would be creating something that constructs us feel rather than think differently about veg.

In the meantime, Ifour has already had a run designing an ad for veg on behalf of Peas Please which demonstrated a cartoon boy playing with his carrots, holding them up to his head, to look like Batman.

“We’re not trying to make any outlandish promises, ” says Ifour’s creative director, Graeme Hall. “It is just creating the relevant recommendations veg are likely to be fun.”

The image they created was simple but it offered the chance to tap into another great marketing gambit: participation.

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